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Pintura 1 Benedito Vives Manuel. Georges Bizet. Pintura 3 El baile flamenco 2 El Cante. Bodas de Sangre. Canciones Populares Antiguas.
Poema del Cante Jondo. Carmen 10 Goncharova Natalia. Pintura 3 Guajiras 2 Gustavo Bacarisas. Pintura 1 Los Machados. Amor Brujo. Pintura 15 Romero Ressendi Baldomero. Pintura 3 Saltemo Laura. UK Beat - British Invasion. Sixties American Rock - Popular. Latin Recording - Europe. Site Map. Pepe Marchena. Victoria de los Angeles. Enrico Intra. Tete Montoliu. Enrico Rava. Enrique Morente. Caveats in the employment of this page: 1.
It descends in chronological order by the year the artist or band is first found on a commercial record issue ideally by year only, alphabetical thereat. One musician above another doesn't necessarily translate to earlier issue unless the year changed. Though release dates are the aim with links to YouTube, some are recording dates and may not be everywhere clearly distinguished.
Reissues are used to represent originals without much discussion. This page addresses Latin recording in Europe. Cultural: 12. Dance sites: 12. Encyclopedias: 12345. Major artists: 12. Flamenco's roots were in gypsy Andalusia, highly characteristic to itself with an emphasis on maintaining integrity to tradition. Its origins were in dance with voice added. Guitar's role in flamenco had for centuries been that of backup to the main show otherwise, until such as Ramon Montoya below.
The folk music of Andalusia that is flamenco came about through a mesh of gypsies, Jews, Moors and the indigenous. The term "flamenco" appears in records by travelers in Andalusia during the 18th century, quite a while before the emergence of the cafe cantante in the mid 19th century via which flamenco began spreading to increasing popularity.
By Montoya 's time cantantes singers and dancers at cafes were sharing stage with virtuosic tricks on guitar. As for percussion, it consisted of clapping, knocking and stamping via dance, flamenco's original element to which it is distinctly bound, embroidery by guitar virtuosi developing upon that.
In addition to uniqueness to itself, Album), as the folk music of Spain tradition is flamenco's essence, also making it less readily given to fusing w other genres. If Latin rhythms on the other side of the Atlantic in the Caribbean notably percussion instruments or South America eagerly embraced collaboration with jazz musicians in the States, flamenco has resisted synthesis with other forms. As for Latin Classical composers, they figure prominently in such as Italy throughout the Classical section of these histories.
Classical composition on the Iberian Peninsula such as Spainhowever, didn't come to prominence until the latter 19th century due largely to the centuries-long contest there between Christianity and Islam. Flamenco was and remains a distinct genre in and of itself, quite apart from classical or jazz, though it fits comfortably under Romantic.
It had its origins around with the emergence of the cafe cantata. Flamenco's heydays were around the turn of the century before recording could disseminate it about the globe. It has since developed into numerous palos styles. The flamenco guitar is also constructed differently from the classical guitar, having developed differently to its peculiar usage, such as accompaniment to stamping baile flamenco flamenco dance or the cante flamenco flamenco singing. Later flamenco musicians would naturally associate with others in the classical or jazz fields.
But no matter how you fuse it, flamenco is fundamentally flamenco. The first recordings made in Spain are thought as of late by Fred Gaisberg, an American Album) engineer said to have produced tracks in Madrid. There exists a discography published in listing among its titles, 'Malaguenas' by Sr. Garcia, as well as several by Mochuelo: 'Soleares', 'Guajiras' and Malaguenas' among them. Those were among 64 tracks played at a public gramophone demonstration costing 10 centimos to attend.
A quantity were made by El Mochuelo in as well, together with a host of others having recorded by then. The first recorded discs appeared in or '02, one-sided and slightly over seven inches in diameter. As mentioned, high-pitching singer, Antonio Chacon, is thought to have recorded on cylinder bythose titles undetermined.
Chacon avoided recording for much of his earlier career, presumably finding it pointless due to their poor audio quality, as did many other musicians of the period.
Born in in Jerez de la Frontera, Cadiz, Chacon is a leading figure in the flamenco orthodoxy. He began performing publicly intouring about Andalusia. Donald Clarke [Ref 3] has him recording in, and Among the better known guitarists with whom he performed were Ramon Montoyalater Sabicas. Chacon died in in Madrid. References: 123. Catalogs: 123. Archives: 'Nuevo Mundo' She picked up the name, the Girl of the Combs, due to a tango she often sang as to her combs made of cinnamon.
After touring Spain a bit she made her initial recordings in She married flamenco singer, Pepe Pinto, in She retired thirty years later indying on 26 November References: 1234.
Born in Madrid inflamenco guitarist, Ramon Montoyais credited w originating the quivering note in flamenco guitar that is called tremolo. Montoya happened along at just the right place and time when flamenco dancers it's element and singers added began sharing stage w guitar virtuosi, making percussion, voice and guitar the primary elements of flamenco, which needn't come w anything else but emotive skirts and castanets. Which appears deceptively simple since flamenco also comes w a myriad of forms and styles palos that will give you a complex if you need a spare [but to begin: 123 ].
Montoya also made some of flamenco's earliest recordings as of Montoya didn't make flamenco guitar famous, but he prepared the path for his nephew, Carlos Montoyawho would. The outbreak of the Civil War in Spain in saw him leaving for Buenos Aires, Argentina, after Paris where he began to tour South America w a couple other much younger flamenco masters also in flight from the War, Carmen Amaya and Sabicas. But he, being above fifty years of age at the time, wouldn't arrive to the same level of international renown as they before dying in Madrid on 20 June See also IA.
Other profiles: 1234. More Montoya per under Pepe Marchena. Ramon Montoya Source: Flamenco Guitars. As he became more professional he began touring the cafes and theatres of Andalusia.
Arriving in Madrid inthe next year he bagged employment at Teatro La Latina. Paid pesetas daily, he must have been a valued performer, earning more than the going rate.
Sources state that Marchena first recorded in but we can find no documentation of such. The twenties and thirties were spent touring Spain, filling roles in opera flamenco in the twenties, moving onward to films in the thirties. Marchena had become enormously popular by the time of the Spanish Civil War Reflecting that, he dressed too well for the period, getting arrested by Republicans for being wealthy, albeit his release was arranged by the Minister of the Frente Popular.
Marchena continued in opera, flamenco and films such as 'La Dolores' and 'Martingala' after the war with high success. He took flamenco as far away as Pakistan in Marchena passed away on 4 December of in Seville. Further reading: Alexandre D'Averc.
Pepe Marchena Source: La Flamenca. Traditional flamenco had emphasized song and dance over instruments, relegating guitar to a supporting role. That was changed by Ramon Montoyaa major name in the history of flamenco who yet did little recording on his own. It was with Montoya that flamenco guitar began to be appreciated in itself, solos performed without lyric or stamping heels.
One rare example of Montoya performing solo is this solea flamenco from Though Montoya toured across the Atlantic he didn't arrive to the international renown that guitarist and oft younger partner by 32 yearsSabicaswould, his a mastery that Chet Atkinsanother world-class guitarist, thought to be the finest on the globe. But Sabicas Album) another of those musicians concerning whom sources vary widely. He is also said to have given his first performance in Madrid at age nine.
Sabicas' first recordings are given as only tentatively. Sources range his first recordings from the latter twenties in Barcelona to the thirties to with flamenco singer, Anita Sevilla. We give due an import issued in by Fonografica Del Sur, claiming a compilation from to The title of that release is 'Sabicas — Recital de guitarra flamenca Vol 1', the first of three.
Other sources, however, doubt the authenticity of that collection. Touring eventually led to Mexico City where he supported Amaya 's dancing career, including a trip to New York City in to perform at Carnegie Hall. Wikipedia has three of his four children - Maricruz b '44Carlos b '46 deceasedAgustine b '52 and Margaret b '56 - yet living as of this writing. Later moving to New York City in the fifties, he returned to Spain in As a virtuoso Sabicas made a major contribution to the international renown of flamenco.
He died of pneumonia in a Manhattan hospital upon multiple strokes on 14 April Per below, later sources credit Sabicas with an uncredited appearance in the film, 'Los Amores de un Torero'. Sabicas Source: grapewrath. Carmen Amaya Source: Gypsy Heart. Flamenco dancer bailaoraCarmen Amayajoins Sabicas in the distinction of taking flamenco international, making it famous on both sides of the Atlantic.
Born with a passion in in Barcelona, there was a cave near Granada where she liked to dance as a child. She later danced with her father on guitar in waterfront bars in Barcelona, appearing at the Bar de Maquet at age ten. Amaya was a vocalist, though that hardly at all in comparison to gypsy dance for which she's a major figure in Spain's cultural history.
Amaya is thought to have appeared in film at age 16 in the production of 'La Bodega' 'The Winery'. Filmographies indicate that wasn't released in Spain untilfollowing the three-year Spanish Civil War that began on 18 July of '36 and ceased on 1 April resulting in the Nationalist dictator, Francisco Franco, assuming his position as Caudillo [Head of State].
Touring in South America led to Mexico City where her career in dance was supported by Sabicasthey eventually taking a trip to New York City in to play Carnegie Hall [numerous sources though not listed at the CH timeline ]. Flamenco Girls has her getting deported from the United States to Cuba after that, where she appeared in the short film, 'El Embrajo del Fandango', in Amaya returned to Spain in Franco declaring Spain a monarchy that year.
Though compilations abound, Amaya did very little recording. Among her albums were 'Flamencan Songs and Dances''Flamenco! Her last film was 'Los Tarantos', which release she didn't live to see, dying in Barcelona of kidney failure on 19 November Documentaries: 'Queen of the Gypsies' by Jocelyn Ajami. Per and below, the bularia s is a fast-tempo flamenco form originating in Jerez.
Carmen Amaya Source: Carlos Olalla. Antonio Mairena Source: Iniciacion al Flamenco. Nor did he care to subject song to flamenco dance, Carmen Amaya is said to be the only dancer with whom he liked to sing. He didn't enter the studio again untilrecording another batch of eight for Columbia in Madrid.
During the early fifties Mairena joined a dance company run by one, Antonio, with which he toured in America, Europe and Asia for the next decade.
As Mairena's health began to wane in the seventies so did his career. He died in September of Mairena's great draw for some was his integrity per the earliest flamenco which, however, made him unpopular with others, finding him reactionary and rigid.
Compilations: He began playing flamenco guitar in cafes at about age fourteen. Montoya probably wasn't presuming the international fame to which he would arrive when he joined his first dancing troupe inrun by Antonia Merce with dancer, La Argentina.
Moving onward to other companies after three years with Merce, Montoya first saw the United States with dancer, La Teresina, in the mid thirties, the Far East as well. In in Germany during the Spanish Civil War he performed guitar in the film, ' Carmen, la de Triana ' starring Imperio Argentinaalongside his uncle, Ramon. He also began working with dancer, La Argentinita Encarnacion Lopez in and would work with her until her death in On 2 Oct he recorded a suite of solos for Decca under his own name: 'Bulerias''Fandanguillos''Alegrias''Farrucia''Solea Rosa' and 'Sevillanas' Flamenco met jazz on 3 November of '58 when Montoya recorded 'From St.
Montoya was of major significance to flamenco for a number of reasons beyond his virtuosic skill. He was instrumental in bringing forth flamenco guitar for its own sake, minus its Brisas Cubanas (Guajiras) - Sabicas - Flamenco Virtuoso (CD dancing and singing. He also brought flamenco guitar into collaboration with, not only orchestra, but symphony. He meanwhile took flamenco guitar throughout the world, touring so extensively that at one point in the seventies he in his seventies as well he was delivering three concerts a day for a total of performances in His niece is California flamenco dancer, Rosa Montoya.
Compilations: 'From St. Further reading: Album) Webster. Per below, Montoya appears with his uncle, Ramonneither featured, in the film, 'Carmen, de la Triana', directed by Florian Rey in Germany. Carlos Montoya Source: Unique Guitar. He studied both classical and flamenco guitar as a youth.
In age 18 he appeared on a couple recordings by singer, Estrellita Castro: 'Sevillanas de la Moda' and 'Er Yeli'. The first of at least four albums on which Escudero appeared with Sabicas is thought to be as of for Elektra: 'Festival Gitana'.
He settled for Sevilla in the early eighties, commuting to the States for concerts and recordings. Discos: 12. Further reading: Da Flamenco.
Mario Escudero Source: Discogs. But at YouTube he's not all that obscure. He began his career in clubs and radio in He toured Europe, formed an orchestra, did a bit of composing for French singer, Caterina Valenteand began singing when his vocalist didn't show up for an engagement. Martino was known as Principe dei Nights Prince of the Nightclubs.
Discogs shows him good for sixteen albums, not likely his full catalogue, until the last in 'Lasciamo Che Sia Il Tempo'. He died in Rome on June 12,of heart attack [Wikipedia] so something doesn't wholly jive with Tom Lord's date of 7 Feb in Milan for 'Per Bruno Martino' Philology W on which he contributes voice to 'Arrivederci' performed by the Renato Sellani Trio which also records other compositions by Martino on that album like 'Estate' 'Summer'an earlier version by Martino apparently included.
That is, tracks on which Martino appears had to have been recorded prior to 12 June See also 12. Other profiles: 12. Bruno Martino Source: Radio Italia. But Barcelona wasn't really gypsy territory, flamenco having its origins in Andalusia.
Madrid, a few hundred miles north of flamenco's origins, eventually became a flamenco hub. Barcelona, however, was otherwise the most stylish place to live in Spain. It was Spain's jazz hub for American musicians on tour in Europe, and had for centuries been host to classical music while Islam further south remained busy either avoiding or banning Western influences. The rise of flamenco in Spain is largely due that much of the Iberian peninsula had simply been largely out of bounds to classical composers and musicians.
De los Angeles, however, was a soprano who had the Barcelona Conservatory from which to graduate in under the tutelage of arranger and guitarist, Graciano Tarrago. She is thought to have made her professional debut there as well, as the Countess in Mozart's 'The Marriage of Figaro' in She recorded a couple works by Respighi with Gerald Moore that May as well 'Stornellatrice' and 'E se un giorno tornasse'.
The next September de los Angeles stepped away from opera to record 18 tracks of traditional songs with guitarists, Graciano and Renata Tarrago, all arranged by Graciano.
Tours in the fifties saw to de los Angeles' international fame, she performing at Carnegie Hall and with the Metropolitan Opera in the US in She would work with the Metropolitan another decade. She began visiting Buenos Aires, Argentina, inbecoming a big deal there as well Album) in Europe. Antonio Rey. Capullo De Jerez. Miguel Poveda. El Rey del Flamenco Remastered. Sentimiento flamenco. Flamenco Puro Album of Serenata Andaluza Album of Guitars of Passion Album of Sabicas, Vol. I Album of Flamenco Fantasy with the Fabulous Sabicas.
Sabicas y Su Guitarra. The World's Greatest Flamenco Guitarist. Black Collection: Sabicas. Vivir el Flamenco, Vol.
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